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Tanzimat (Ottoman Secularism)

In 1839, When Ottoman Empire was facing harsh conditions regarding its territorial boundaries. The Ottoman government sought out a way out of worst condition an empire could ever see. They decided to reorganize the empire by introducing new laws and implementing them by hook or by crook. This re-organization was named Tanzimat and it ended in 1876. The Tanzimât reform era was characterized by various attempts to modernize the Ottoman Empire, to secure its territorial integrity against nationalist movements and aggressive powers. The reforms attempted to integrate non-Muslims and non-Turks more thoroughly into Ottoman society by enhancing their civil liberties and granting them equality throughout the Empire. During the reigns of Mahmud II and Abdülmecid I the Tanzimat was originated and implemented. They recognized that the old religious and military institutions no longer met the needs of the empire in the modern world. Many of the reforms were attempts to adopt successful European practices. Changes included universal conscription; educational, institutional and legal reforms; and systematic attempts at eliminating corruption and abolishment of capital punishments suggested by religion.

For this purpose, Islamic law was put aside in favor of secular law.

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