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Allama Iqbal and Modern Turkish Independence

Turkey was the first country to engage his attention on account of its shifting fortunes. In the eyes of the Muslims of the subcontinent the Ottoman Caliphate was the guardian of Muslim faith and tradition and the symbol of Muslim pride and unity. The western nations, however, frantically conspired to oust the Turk, whom they scornfully called the sickman of Europe, from that continent. Turkey was involved in the Tripoli and Balkan wars in 1911. The end of World War I successively saw the dismemberment of the Turkish empire, a heroic and victorious war of liberation by the Turks, the establishment of the republic of Turkey and the abolition of the Caliphate. Iqbal wrote many poems throughout this period highlighting the desperate courage and heroism of the Turkish nation. Of these Khizr-i-Rah and Tulu-i-lslam are the monumental examples. These are imbued with robust optimism and rising’ hopes.

When Turkey overcame its political crisis, Allama continued to pursue new developments in that country with his characteristic concern. He supported the new constitutional developments in that country in his lecture on “The Principle of Movement in the structure of Islam” and justified the Turkish concept of Ijtihad in regard to the institution of Khilafat. Again, fully agreeing with the Turkish national poet Zia on an international ideal of Islam he says :

“For the present every Muslim nation must sink into her own deeper self, temporarily focus her vision on herself alone until all are strong and powerful to form a living family of republics.”

While concluding his discussion on the subject of re-evaluation of intellectual inheritance and reconstruction of religious thought, Allama again pays homage to modern Turkey in the following words:

“The truth is that amongst the Muslim nations of today, Turkey alone has shaken off its dogmatic slumber, and attained to self-consciousness. She alone has claimed her right of intellectual freedom. She alone has passed from the ideal to the real, a transition which entails a keen intellectual and moral struggle. They (Muslims countries) are mechanically repeating old values, whereas the Turk is on the way to creating new values. He has passed through great experiences which have revealed his deeper self to him. In him life has begun to move, change and ‘amplify, giving birth to new desires, bringing new difficulties and suggesting new interpretations.”

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A Military Genius

After the enemy invasion of Turkey, Turkish freedom fights started. Lead by nationalists like Mustafa Kemal, the Turkish troops targeted the enemy forces and their supply lines. Greece advanced to the western part of divided Turkey and forms a Greek district around Izmir city.

Mustafa implemented a genius solution for countering the invasion. He waited for the enemy to fully enter the state and then attacked on highest scale to defend his people.

The two sides battled a bloody war. Greek troops were forced to limit their invasion to Izmir city. Then Mustafa prepared his nation for the best defence for 1 year. Every soul was mobilized for 1 year and Turks prepared for battle Greeks would never forget.

And then after 1 year, Turks attacked the Greeks in Izmir and took back their land from Greeks.

See the following documentary:

Can you pay someone for beating you in a war???

I came across a Facebook page which was promoting an idea that Ataturk and other nationalist freedom fighters of Turkey won the war against the strong allied enemy forces. They used to ask “how did they do that?” and then to answer their own question they used to say “actually, Ataturk and other nationalists were funded by west and they were allies of enemy.”

To those people who beieve this to be true, I question:

If you earn something, would you pay someone to snatch it from you? No!
So when Britain and other enemies defeated Ottoman Empire and took their lands, why would they pay someone to snatch those lands back from Britain and other forces?
This just do not make sense!

The fact is, when Turkish nationalists forces started to liberate  Turkey from enemy occupation, the western powers were running out of weaponry and troops. They were not able to control their occupation in Middle East. This gave a massive chance to nationalist forces of Turkey and they fought back their lands and won their freedom.

Watch this documentary to know better:

The Gallipoli Defense

The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign or the Battle of Gallipoli or the Battle of Çanakkale (Turkish: Çanakkale Savaşı), took place at the peninsula of Gallipoli in the Ottoman Empire (now Gelibolu in modern day Turkey) between 25 April 1915 and 9 January 1916, during the First World War. A joint British and French operation was mounted to capture the Ottoman capital of Istanbul (then still referred to as ‘Constantinople’ by Western nations)and secure a sea route to Russia. The attempt failed, with heavy casualties on both sides. The campaign was considered one of the greatest victories of the Turks and was reflected on as a major failure by the Allies.

The Gallipoli campaign resonated profoundly among all nations involved. In Turkey, the battle is perceived as a defining moment in the history of the Turkish people—a final surge in the defence of the motherland as the aging Ottoman Empire was crumbling. The struggle laid the grounds for the Turkish War of Independence and the foundation of the Republic of Turkey eight years later under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, himself a commander at Gallipoli.

Some people spread a misconception that Mustafa Kemal attacked the western enemy forces because he wanted most of the Muslims to be killed. This is yet another blunder to spread or even think about it to be true.

I want to ask those people that did Muslims in past lead the battles against non-believers or to defend their soil because they wanted most Muslim mujahideen to be killed? Do Kashmiri freedom fighters fight against Indian oppressors because they want Muslims to be killed? In fact, Mustafa fought against the enemy to secure his country and secure millions of Muslim souls.

Following video shows how Mustafa fought against the western enemy forces.

(There is problem with audio of the clip but most of it is in Turkish)