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Quaid e Azam and name “The Grey Wolf”

Ataturk was named “Grey Wolf” for his bravery and for being a military genius.
Quaid e Azam M.A. Jinnah once bought a book that had information of  Ataturk and his revolution. Jinnah was very inspired by Ataturk. He gradually started seeing Ataturk’s refection in him. For the fact that Muhammad Ali  Jinnah thought of himself as “Ataturk of India (before independence)”. He used to talk to his family and friends about Ataturk. People who were close to him started knowing that Jinnah was inspired by Ataturk. Jinnah’s daughter named him “Grey Wolf” (which is the name given to Ataturk) because she knew that Jinnah was very inspired by Ataturk.
The name “Grey wolf” was given to Ataturk and Jinnah’s daughter Deena named Jinnah “Grey wolf” because Jinnah mostly used to talk about Ataturk.

Quaid e Azam M.A. Jinnah and M.K. Ataturk

May 22, 2012 2 comments

Fall of Ottoman Empire, the rise of nationalist movement, the Turkish revolution and Mustafa Kemal Ataturk and then his reforms.

Pakistani people have known this all for decades. Not only the Pakistanis but the founders of Pakistan were very interested in Turkish revolution. Quaid e Azam is, many times, thought to be a conservative in in Islamic thoughts was amazingly very inspired by the Turkish nationalist and reformist, Mustafa Kemal Pasha Ataturk.

While Mustafa was changing Turkey from a backward country to a civilized and leading country, Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (the founder of Pakistan) was keenly observing him.

Now a days people propagate a false idea that Jinnah had nothing to do with Mustafa Kemal and that Jinnah was not inspired by Kemal. To a learnt person, these allegations do not mean anything. Jinnah was inspired by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. He wanted to make Pakistan a very well established and civilized state just like Ataturk made Turkey.

In November 1932, Jinnah read H. C. Armstrong’s biography of Kemal Ataturk, Grey Wolf, and seemed to have found his own reflection in the story of Turkey’s great modernist leader. It was all he talked about for a while at home, even to Dina, who consequently nicknamed him ‘Grey Wolf’. Being only thirteen, her way of cajolingly pestering him to take her to High Road to see Punch and Judywas, “Come on, Grey Wolf, take me to a pantomime; after all, I am on my holidays.” (Wolpert)

This shows how much Jinnah was inspired by Ataturk. There is one more example that I would like to mention here.

Immediately after his death, Quaid-i-Azam, as President of AIML, issued a directive on 11 November 1938 to all the branches of the Muslim League in the whole of Indo-Pak subcontinent to observe Friday, 18 November as “Kemal Day”.

In this connection following directive was issued:
I request provincial, District and Primary Muslim Leagues all over India to observe Friday the 16th of November as Kemal Day and hold public meetings to express deepest feeling of sorrow and sympathy of Musalmans of India in the irreparable loss that the Turkish Nation has suffered in the passing away of one of the greatest sons of Islam and a world figure and the saviour and maker of Modern Turkey Kemal Ataturk“.

During a press interview Quaid-i-Azam Jinnah thus praised the services of Mustafa Kemal:
He was the greatest Muslaman in the modern Islamic World and I am sure that the entire Musalman world will deeply mourn his passing away. It is impossible to express adequately in a press interview one’s appreciation of his remarkable and varied services, as the builder and the maker of Modern Turkey and an example to the rest of the world, especially to the Musalman States in the Far East. The remarkable way in which he rescued  and built up his people against all odds, has no parallel in the history of the world. He must have derived the greatest sense of satisfaction that he fully accomplished his mission during his life-time and left his people and his country consolidated, united and a powerful nation. In him, not only the Musalmans but the whole world have lost one of the greatest men that ever lived“.

Khlafat Movement and Founder of Pakistan

Molana Muhammad Ali Jouhar with other Islamic Ulema, started a movement against the British occupation of Ottomam Territory after their victory against Ottomans. Molana gathered a number of Ulema and Political workers and convinced them to start a political yet religious movement to preserve the weakened Ottoman Caliphate. The political workers included a man who was to become the founder of a country, Gandhi.
Gandhi was Indian Congress Leader who supported the idea that Britain should leave India but Indians should not make them leave with aggression. His “Ahinsa theory” was popular those days. Found a way into Muslim community, Gandhi whole hartedly accepted his involvment in Khilafat movement.
On the other hand, Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was not no sure that this movement would lead to any conclusion because a wise man thinks ahead of his time. There were 2 reasons that Quaid e Azam expressed for him not supporting such movement.

1) The movement had Gandhi as one of the top leaders. Same Gandhi who wanted Muslims to be crushed under Hindu government after independence.
2) The movement itself would lead to nowhere.

This thought remained true and Khilafat Movement ended with no conclusion or success. Legends has it that Quaid e Azam was admirer of Ataturk and that may be a good reason for him for not partcipating in Khilafat movement which was actually opposing the newly formed Turkish assembly and Mustafa kemal Ataturk and wanted Caliph to be supreme power again.