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Posts Tagged ‘khalifa’

Khlafat Movement and Founder of Pakistan

Molana Muhammad Ali Jouhar with other Islamic Ulema, started a movement against the British occupation of Ottomam Territory after their victory against Ottomans. Molana gathered a number of Ulema and Political workers and convinced them to start a political yet religious movement to preserve the weakened Ottoman Caliphate. The political workers included a man who was to become the founder of a country, Gandhi.
Gandhi was Indian Congress Leader who supported the idea that Britain should leave India but Indians should not make them leave with aggression. His “Ahinsa theory” was popular those days. Found a way into Muslim community, Gandhi whole hartedly accepted his involvment in Khilafat movement.
On the other hand, Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was not no sure that this movement would lead to any conclusion because a wise man thinks ahead of his time. There were 2 reasons that Quaid e Azam expressed for him not supporting such movement.

1) The movement had Gandhi as one of the top leaders. Same Gandhi who wanted Muslims to be crushed under Hindu government after independence.
2) The movement itself would lead to nowhere.

This thought remained true and Khilafat Movement ended with no conclusion or success. Legends has it that Quaid e Azam was admirer of Ataturk and that may be a good reason for him for not partcipating in Khilafat movement which was actually opposing the newly formed Turkish assembly and Mustafa kemal Ataturk and wanted Caliph to be supreme power again.

So Ataturk Was Jewish! right?

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Isn’t This “Secularism” (la-diniyet)?

European and Ottoman officials engaged in a contest to win the loyalty of the local inhabitants — the French by claiming to protect the Maronites; the British, the Druze; and the Ottomans by proclaiming the sultan’s benevolence toward all his religiously equal subjects.

The important part of above mentioned is the Ottomans by proclaiming the sultan’s benevolence toward all his “religiously equal subjects”. And “secularism” means the equality of religions in politics and no preference is given to one religion or religious group and all the religious groups are equal in government’s view. How more secular could Ottoman Khilafat get?

The Abolishment of Millet System in Ottoman Empire

April 14, 2012 1 comment

The Rescript of the Rose Chamber was the first major reform in the Tanzimat reforms under the government of sultan Abdulmecid and a crucial event in the movement towards secularization. It guaranteed the life and property for all subjects, including non-Muslims. This put an end to the kul system, which allowed the ruler’s servants to be executed or have their property confiscated at his desire. The reforms eliminated the millet system in the Ottoman Empire giving rise to Ottoman nationalism. The millet system created religiously based communities that operated autonomously, so people were organized into societies.

The Rescript of the Rose Chamber also represented a move towards Westernization. It mirrored the liberal ideals of the French Revolution, which glorified humanity and individual rights. The Rescript was imagined as the savior of the Ottoman Empire by imposing modernizing and nationalizing forces. This move towards western ideals was also an effort to keep Europe out of the Ottoman Empire. By conforming to their standards, the Ottoman Empire hoped to appease Europe enough to keep them out of Ottoman affairs and avoid European control.