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Posts Tagged ‘khilafah’

Ataturk was a Muslim

How can we say that Ataturk was Muslim?
Lets see what he said about his religion:

O My Nation! Allah is the One. His glory is sublime. May Allah’s peace, grace and goodness be upon you. The principles He laid down are the verses in the Glorious Qur’an. Our religion that granted the spirit of knowledge is the last religion. It is the most perfect religion because unless our religion had complied with reason, the truth and wisdom, there would have to be some discrepancies between divine and natural laws. It is Almigthy Allah Who makes all divine laws.” (Ataturk’S and D, v. 2, p. 93)

Clearly, this statement shows his love for his religion Islam. Yet some people try to present him as some anti-Islamic or some Freemason or Jewish. Why would any person who is jew distribute the Free copies of Quran among his nation? Does this make any sense? No it does not.

Ataturk was a very good Muslim and he loved Islam and Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.). We can see his love for Islam and Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.) in Ataturk’s following part of a speech:

Those who doubt that he is a true prophet should look at this map and read the epic of Badr. The victory that the Prophet Muhammad (saas) won with a handful of devout Muslims against the vast and wealthy horde of the Qur’aysh is not the work of a mortal man. That battle is the most explicit proof of his Prophethood“. (Ataturk and Religious Education, Department of Religious Affairs Press, p. 2)

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Allama Iqbal and Modern Turkish Independence

Turkey was the first country to engage his attention on account of its shifting fortunes. In the eyes of the Muslims of the subcontinent the Ottoman Caliphate was the guardian of Muslim faith and tradition and the symbol of Muslim pride and unity. The western nations, however, frantically conspired to oust the Turk, whom they scornfully called the sickman of Europe, from that continent. Turkey was involved in the Tripoli and Balkan wars in 1911. The end of World War I successively saw the dismemberment of the Turkish empire, a heroic and victorious war of liberation by the Turks, the establishment of the republic of Turkey and the abolition of the Caliphate. Iqbal wrote many poems throughout this period highlighting the desperate courage and heroism of the Turkish nation. Of these Khizr-i-Rah and Tulu-i-lslam are the monumental examples. These are imbued with robust optimism and rising’ hopes.

When Turkey overcame its political crisis, Allama continued to pursue new developments in that country with his characteristic concern. He supported the new constitutional developments in that country in his lecture on “The Principle of Movement in the structure of Islam” and justified the Turkish concept of Ijtihad in regard to the institution of Khilafat. Again, fully agreeing with the Turkish national poet Zia on an international ideal of Islam he says :

“For the present every Muslim nation must sink into her own deeper self, temporarily focus her vision on herself alone until all are strong and powerful to form a living family of republics.”

While concluding his discussion on the subject of re-evaluation of intellectual inheritance and reconstruction of religious thought, Allama again pays homage to modern Turkey in the following words:

“The truth is that amongst the Muslim nations of today, Turkey alone has shaken off its dogmatic slumber, and attained to self-consciousness. She alone has claimed her right of intellectual freedom. She alone has passed from the ideal to the real, a transition which entails a keen intellectual and moral struggle. They (Muslims countries) are mechanically repeating old values, whereas the Turk is on the way to creating new values. He has passed through great experiences which have revealed his deeper self to him. In him life has begun to move, change and ‘amplify, giving birth to new desires, bringing new difficulties and suggesting new interpretations.”

Khlafat Movement and Founder of Pakistan

Molana Muhammad Ali Jouhar with other Islamic Ulema, started a movement against the British occupation of Ottomam Territory after their victory against Ottomans. Molana gathered a number of Ulema and Political workers and convinced them to start a political yet religious movement to preserve the weakened Ottoman Caliphate. The political workers included a man who was to become the founder of a country, Gandhi.
Gandhi was Indian Congress Leader who supported the idea that Britain should leave India but Indians should not make them leave with aggression. His “Ahinsa theory” was popular those days. Found a way into Muslim community, Gandhi whole hartedly accepted his involvment in Khilafat movement.
On the other hand, Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was not no sure that this movement would lead to any conclusion because a wise man thinks ahead of his time. There were 2 reasons that Quaid e Azam expressed for him not supporting such movement.

1) The movement had Gandhi as one of the top leaders. Same Gandhi who wanted Muslims to be crushed under Hindu government after independence.
2) The movement itself would lead to nowhere.

This thought remained true and Khilafat Movement ended with no conclusion or success. Legends has it that Quaid e Azam was admirer of Ataturk and that may be a good reason for him for not partcipating in Khilafat movement which was actually opposing the newly formed Turkish assembly and Mustafa kemal Ataturk and wanted Caliph to be supreme power again.